Poultry business in Rwanda
by Dieudonne S. Haguminshuti
The name of the project is Extension of Broilers Farm and Establishment of A Modern Hatchery in Bugesera.
The C n’ D poultry project is located in Musenyi Sector in Bugesera district in Eastern Province. Bugesera District is located in the South Eastern plains of Rwanda notably in the south west of the Eastern Province. It borders Republic of Burundi (Kirundo Province) in the south, Ngoma district in the East, Kigali city and Rwamagana district in the North.
The main objective of the project is to extend and develop an automated and integrated farm based in Bugesera. The extension will enable the farm to produce 250,000 DOC per week and 100,000 dressed chickens per week. The farm will also support other small farmers and groups in the region to raise and produce 200,000 chickens per month.
C n’ D is a private initiative of two Rwandese entrepreneurs aiming at developing the poultry industry in Rwanda. The promoter and co-promoter are Dieudonné Haguminshuti (50% of the shares) and Carine Twiringiyimana (50% of the shares) respectively. Dieudonné Haguminshuti has a 10 years experience in institutional capacity building, business development, cooperative development and agribusiness
Rwanda as a country has almost 10 millions of population of about 8 million is grossly underprovided with the essential food component, which is protein. The consumption in Rwanda is 10 liters of milk and 4.8 Kg of meat per person per year, while FAO recommends respectively 220 liters and 50 Kg per person per year.
Major constraints for the livestock development in our country are mainly the deficiency in animal feed both in quality and quantity. This arises from poor and narrow pastures, water shortage, poor quality of commercialized feeds and limited use of agricultural by-products; Animal diseases, especially epidemic diseases which regularly affect animals;
Poorly performing local breeds with low productivity ; Poor diversification : livestock is essentially centered on cows which have a long reproductive cycle and which are not accessible for the majority of farmers ; Inappropriate veterinary legislation : laws regarding animal health are outdated whereas laws on different other aspects such as hygiene, quality control and veterinary profession do not exist.
Poor veterinary services with few qualified cadres and poor means of responding to farmers needs, Low level of investment in Livestock development which results into the absence of necessary infrastructure especially for transformation of animal products ; Inaccessibility to loans by small livestock farmers which limits their opportunities and possibilities of adopting modern technology in animal production ;
Weaknesses in farmers organizations, which do not have sufficient human and material resources; Weak link between research and extension services. Most of the research is carried out in research stations and have no impact on the farmer.
To ameliorate this problem of low-level of protein intake, there is the need for concerted effort, among the various stakeholders to bring about the massive production of protein based food items at competitive costs so that they would be affordable to the general masses. Aside from the other necessary economic reforms, massive investment poultry farming is one way of resolving the problem.
Chicken constitutes about 60% of the poultry population in Rwanda. Consequently, poultry farming is generically used to refer to chicken farming in the country.
With a more conservation view and analysis and based on income of Rwandans, we can deliberated assume that at least at 40% of the population will be able to consume those 40 chicken per year. The demand of chicken meat per year will then be
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
40 40.8 41 41.82 42
1.1 Regional markets
The market of chicken in East Africa and central Africa is now a growing market with limited number of the products. Itself, Congolese market is willing to take a big portion of regional production but It has been difficult to supplier them due to scarcity of chicken products in the region. Up now a chicken cost $12 and the price is high based on the region or time the distribution will take.
The market of meat in DRC is one of the big markets for Rwandan meat producers as it is very easy to access it due to easy transportation, movement of people among to or from DRC, few producers versus the high demand and the high purchasing power of the population compared to Rwandans or Burundians. Beside those mentioned advantages of the Congolese market over Rwandan, the Congolese are consumers of meat by nature whereas at least a household consumer animal proteins at least once a day.
With a conservative assumptions and based on the population of the region, with a consideration of DRC and Burundi market which can be easily be accessed with our company the following are the demand for the regional market.
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
30 40 50 60 70
Description of the project and the financing needs
To achieve our objectives C n’ D needs to do the following:
- Improve the sanitation and security at working place (Staffs protective equipments, Security and safety equipments, Construction of cloakroom, feeds mill plant)
- Improving welfare of birds during the slaughtering process ( buy Chicken basket for transport , Purchase of a truck for chicken transport, Excellent brooding equipment
- Quality of the products and sales (Purchase of deeper freezer cold rooms, Purchase of refrigerated trucks, Acquisition of appropriate packaging machines and packaging materials
- Improve Working capital
- Acquire maize and feeds storage facilities:
- Acquire commercial Hatchery system
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